Pousadas de Portugal: reflections of 20th century Portuguese architecture
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The reform of mentalities that the Estado Novo imposed with its "Policy of the Spirit" would necessarily have to correspond to a different concept of tourism and, consequently, of hotels. After the heyday of the Palace Hotel, it was Francisco de Lima who laid the foundations for the construction of this new image with his thesis "Pouzadas", presented at the 1st National Congress of Tourism in 1936, at a time when the tourist phenomenon ceased to be restricted to the elites to be within reach of the "most modest traveller", the "public employee", the "industrialist who wants to know his country and educate himself", the "student". Unique product of an official tourism policy that was shaped throughout the 20th century, the Pousadas are built between the affirmation of a national identity, the possible openness to a modernity that is claimed and the critical awareness of the perenniality of a popular and monumental heritage to be valued, tracing the path that accompanies and translates the country's political conditions, social practices and architectural culture. "Pousadas de Portugal: Reflections of Portuguese Architecture in the 20th century" analyzes the relationship between ideological models and their formal, spatial and constructive expression, based on the testimony of the Pousadas. A study that allows us to understand the affinities that political power seeks to establish with architecture and how the latter, marginally, manages to break with the system to propose new ways of thinking.